Preventing and Reducing Freckles and Brown Spots: 4 Tips That Are Spot On

Freckles and brown spots, which are sometimes referred to as age spots because they often occur later in life, may both be avoided or even reduced by taking certain measures. If you are interested in fading your freckles or brown spots, or you want to avoid developing more in the future, follow these dermatology-approved tips which may help:

1. Avoid Exposure to the Sun and Use Protection When Outdoors

This measure is especially important if you tend to freckle fairly easily. Exposure to sunlight may cause you to develop more freckles or make those you already have to appear more pronounced. The best way to avoid this is to cover exposed skin when venturing outdoors, even on partially cloudy days. You might also want to wear some type of wide-brimmed hat.

In addition, always apply a protective sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least 50 to any skin that will be exposed to the sun. Reapply the sunscreen as necessary, especially after exercising or swimming. Sunscreen may offer some protection, although it may not always prevent you from developing freckles and brown spots.

2. Ask Your Dermatologist About Fade Creams and Anti-Aging Creams

If you have age spots, you might want to inquire about a prescription from your dermatologist. Creams that contain antioxidants, alpha hydroxy acids and retinoids are sometimes effective against brown marks. Skin lightening cream may fade your brown spots and freckles, but exert caution, read labels and use as directed. If you develop a reaction, such as reddening or peeling, stop use and consult your physician.

3. Inquire About Chemical Peels for Brown Spots or Excessive Freckles

Your dermatologist may apply an alpha hydroxy acid peel on areas affected by brown spots or freckles. An effective chemical peel may contain TCA-trichlor vinegar, although this is typically reserved for extreme cases, as it is a high-strength treatment. Chemical peels made from the acid of fruit can suitable for moderate cases, as these tend to be less harsh.

You may receive a chemical peel on areas of the hands, face, neck, arms or legs. Several sessions may be required for the best results, and your dermatologist can determine how many peels you should receive. Some patients develop mild side effects from the use of chemical peels, such as redness of the treated area.

4. Consider Pulsed Light Laser Treatment on Freckles or Brown Spots

Laser treatment is sometimes performed on individuals with moderate to heavy amounts of freckles or brown spots. By targeting the pigmentation of the spots and freckles, they can be broken down into tinier specks. Through the process of exfoliation during routine skin care, those remaining particles may be removed.

Before receiving the pulsed light laser treatment, the patient may be given some pre-treatment skin cleansers to remove dirt and impurities from the skin. The treated area of skin will need to be cooled prior to the laser treatment. This may be done by the use of a cooling agent or gel-like substance applied to the skin. Your clinician or dermatologist may use a device that cools the skin as well.

Multiple treatments may be necessary over a period of a few months, and results are often seen after two treatments. Gradually, spots and freckles will appear lighter or diminish. Laser treatment may not be right for everyone, to know if you might not be a good candidate for this type of treatment, consult with your dermatologist.

Depending upon the treatment you decide on for your brown spots or freckles, you may need to follow up with a skincare routine. Ask your dermatologist for special instructions regarding after care-at-home treatment. Laser resurfacing, in particular, may require the use of post-treatment moisturizers and sunscreens.

Contact the expert dermatologists at Associated Dermatologists for help dealing with your freckles or brown spots.

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